The Theory of Honest Signalling

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Introduction: Part 1

Introduction: Part 2

The Basic Problem

The Basic Solution

Honest signalling in biology

Zahavi's handicap principle

Grafen's model

Attracting mates

Begging for food

Deterring predation

Contesting resources

Autumn color

Honest signalling in economics

Conspicuous consumption


The mathematics of honest signalling

Signalling as a game


Other resources

Carl T. Bergstrom

Using Mathematica

Contact Information

Department of Zoology
University of Washington
Box 351800
Seattle, WA 98195-1800


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Last modified September 4, 2002
Copyright © 2002 Carl T. Bergstrom