The Theory of Honest Signalling

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Introduction

Introduction: Part 1

Introduction: Part 2

The Basic Problem

The Basic Solution

Honest signalling in biology

Zahavi's handicap principle

Grafen's model

Attracting mates

Begging for food

Deterring predation

Contesting resources

Autumn color

Honest signalling in economics

Conspicuous consumption

Education

The mathematics of honest signalling

Signalling as a game

References


Other resources

Carl T. Bergstrom

Using Mathematica


Contact Information

cbergst@u.washington.edu

Department of Zoology
University of Washington
Box 351800
Seattle, WA 98195-1800


References

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M. Enquist (1985) "Communication during aggressive interactions with particular reference to variation in choice of behaviour" Animal Behaviour, 33:1152-1161

V. Geist (1966) "The evolutionary significance of mountain sheep horns" Evolution, 20:558-566

H. J. C. Godfray (1991) "Signalling of need by offspring to their parents" Nature, 352:328-330.

H. J. C. Godfray (1995) "Signalling of need between parents and young: Parent-offspring conflict and sibling rivalry." The American Naturalist, 146:1-24.

H. J. C. Godfray and R. A. Johnstone (2000) "Begging and bleating: the evolution of parent-offspring signalling" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 355:1581-1591.

A. Grafen (1990a) "Biological Signals as Handicaps," Journal of Theoretical Biology, 144:517-546.

A. Grafen (1990b) "Sexual Selection Unhandicapped by the Fisher Process," Journal of Theoretical Biology , 144:473-516

W. D. Hamilton and S. P. Brown (2001) "Autumn tree colors as a handicap signal." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 268:1489-1493.

P. L. Hurd (1995) "Communication in discrete action-response games" Journal of Theoretical Biology 174:217-222

P. L. Hurd (1997) "Is signalling of fighting ability costlier for weaker individuals?", Journal of Theoretical Biology 184:83-88

R. A. Johnstone (1995) "Sexual selection, honest advertisement and the handicap principle: reviewing the evidence" Biological Reviews, 70:1

J. Maynard Smith (1991) "Honest signalling: The Sir Philip Sidney game" Animal Behaviour, 42:1034-1035.

J. Maynard Smith and D. Harper (1988) "The evolution of aggression: Can selection generate variability?" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 319:557-570

J. Maynard Smith and D. Harper (1995) "Animal Signals: Models and Terminology" Journal of Theoretical Biology, 177:305-311.

E. Miller (1975) "Status Goods and Luxury Taxes" The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 34:141-154.

A. P. Moeller (1987) "Social control of deception among status signalling house sparrows Passer domesticus" Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 20:307-311

N. Nur and O. Hasson (1984) "Phenotypic Plasticity and the Handicap Principle" Journal of Theoretical Biology, 110:275-295

S. Rohwer (1975) "The Social Significance of Avian Winter Plumage Variability" Evolution, 29:593-610

S. Rohwer (1977) "Status signaling in Harris Sparrows: Some experiments in deception", Behavior 61:107-129

S. Szamado (1999) "The validity of the handicap principle in discrete action-response games", Journal of Theoretical Biology, 198:593-602.

M. Spence (1973) "Job Market Signalling", Quarterly Journal of Economics 87:355-374

T. Veblen (1899) The Theory of the Leisure Class New York: Dover Publications.

F. Vega-Redondo and O. Hasson (1993) "A game-theoretic model of predator-prey signalling." Journal of Theoretical Biology, 162:309-319.

S. Yachi (1995) "How can honest signalling evolve? The role of handicap principle." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 262:283-288.

A. Zahavi (1975) "Mate selection - A selection for a handicap" Journal of Theoretical Biology, 53:205-213

A. Zahavi and A. Zahavi (1997) The Handicap Principle Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Last modified September 4, 2002
Copyright © 2002 Carl T. Bergstrom